Saturday, 23 August 2014

SAP SD QUESTIONS & ANSWERS-1


SAP SD QUESTIONS & ANSWERS-1 :-


Q) What do you mean by drop shipment ?
A drop shipment is based on an order from a customer to a Distributor. The distributor initiates the shipment by Informing the wholesaler.

Q) Why do you need project IMG ?
IMG is required for the purpose of customizing and Configuration. There is no role of functional consultant Without it.

Q) Without delivery can you do billing ?
Without delivery invoice is not possible.

Q) How does the rule MALA decide the picking location ?
1. SHIPPING POINT
2. PLANT
3. STORAGE CONDITION
4. STORAGE LOCATION

Q) Is it possible to do delivery without shipping point ?
No. Shipping point is the destination of the goods, how we can ship the goods. It is like mailing letter without TO address.

Q) Explain about smart forms ?
Smart form - it is a form. Basically it is using in output.

Q) How sales document is structured ?
Header responsible for all the documents
Item for materials
Schedule line for quantity and delivery

Q) What does A/C Group control customer ?
Account Group is like a control Parameter for the customer master. Most of the fields in the customer master are controlled Using Field Selection, which is internal function of Account Group.

Q) In sales order how system does picks up plant ?
We assign particular material master to particular Plant it picks up from there.

Q) What is the difference between customization and configuration ?
Customization word used for Master Data maintenance. And Configuration word used for pricing Procedure Determination

Q) Could you explain about sales deals ?
Company Has Launched a new product, for a that material you Want to have a promotion for this you will creating a sales deal and assign it to sales promotion and you maintain condition groups

Q) What is the use of pricing date in condition type ?
It shows date of calculation of pricing procedure for that Particular document. So that in future you can see the date On which pricing calculated for that particular doc.

Q) What is the use of sales area ?
Sales area is the geographical aspect of that particular Company code, from there we can generate the reports.

Q) Can you explain about Higher-level item category and item usage
Sales Document Type (OR)
+
Item Category Group (NORM)
+
Item Usage (FREE)
+
Higher Level Item Category (TAN)
+
Item Category of Free Goods (TANN)

Q) How to extend material and customer to other sales areas ?
Sales area is a combination of s.org, dist channel & Division. Division is a logical grouping of products. So u Cannot extend material to other sales areas. But u can Extend customer to other sales areas through common Distribution channel & division.

Q) How can we process out bound deliveries without shipping point ?
Shipping point is a mandatory Organizational unit for outbound delivery process.

Q) Product attributes means ?
Product attributes is nothing but the features of product.

Q) Why do I use condition indexes ? How do you activate them ?
Condition Index is used to search all the conditions
Records for a particular condition type (eg PR00). We Activate condition index in the customizing screen of the Condition type.
Menu Path: SPRO>>Sales & Distribution>>Basic Functions>>Pricing>>Pricing Control>>Define Condition Types>> Maintain Condition Types>> Enter PR00

Q) While I am creating a customer in ship to party account group you have shipping and billing partner function tab pages, client wants to shift all important fields in billing like payment terms, incoterms , and tax classification into shipping tab page. He wants only shipping partner function only, how does you customize ?
Field Selection will help you maintain the fields relevant To Shipping, Ship to party function will be able to see only shipping related fields.

Q) How we assigned sales organization to delivering plant ?
Path: SPRO-IMG-Enterprise Structure-Assignment-SD-Assign Plant to Sales Organization/Dist.Channel
T.Code: OVX6

Q) Is it possible to release change request, without releasing task.
Once we can release the task, then only we can release the Change/customizing request.

Q) What is the client specific data ? Give two examples of client specific data ?
1-master data
2-transction data.

Q) Can one have multiple packing for delivery ?
YES WE CAN HAVE MULTIPLE PACKING FOR A SINGLE DELIVERY

Q) Explain EDI and its usage ?
Edi - it helps for data transfer
That means from sap or non sap to sap

Q) To extend material one plants to another plant what are the configuration you done in your project ?

We have to create in new plant as we have followed for First plant, where as in first plant system will give Internal number but for second plant we have to mention Material number.



Soon will update more...Check next post...





Friday, 22 August 2014

SAP SD TRANSACTION CODES



SAP SD Transaction Codes :-


Customer

XD01 Create Customer (Centrally)

XD02 Change Customer (Centrally)

XD03 Display Customer (Centrally)

XD05 Block customer (centrally)

XD07 Change Customer Account Group

XDN1 Maintain Number Ranges (Customer)

Sales Order

VA01 Create Sales Order

VA02 Change Sales Order

VA03 Display Sales Order

VA05 List of Sales Orders

Inquiry

VA11 Create Inquiry

VA12 Change Inquiry

VA13 Display Inquiry

VA15 Inquiries List

Quotation

VA21 Create Quotation

VA22 Change Quotation

VA23 Display Quotation

VA25 Quotations List

Contract

VA41 Create Contract

VA42 Change Contract

VA43 Display Contract

VA45 List of Contracts

Item Proposal

VA51 Create Item Proposal

VA52 Change Item Proposal

VA53 Display Item Proposal

VA55 List of Item Proposal

Delivery (Outbound)

VL01 Create Delivery

VL01N Create Outbound Dlv. with Order Ref.

VL02N Change Outbound Delivery

VL03 Display Outbound Delivery

VL09 Cancel Goods Issue for Delivery Note

Customer management

FD32 Change Customer Credit Management

FD33 Display Customer Credit Management

Pricing

V/03 Create Condition Table (SD Price)

V/04 Change Condition Table (Sales pr.)

V/05 Display Condition Table (Sales Pr.)

V/06 Condition Categories (SD Pricing)

V/07 Maintain Access (Sales Price)

V/08 Conditions (Procedure for A V)

V/09 Condition Types (Account Determine)

V/10 Account Determination (Access Seqnc)

V/11 Conditions (Account Determin.Proced.)

V/12 Account Determination (Create Table)

V/13 Account Determination (Change Table)

V/14 Account Determination (Display Table)




Will update soon... Check next post...




Thursday, 21 August 2014

SAP SD CONFIGURATION STEPS



SAP SD CONFIGURATION STEPS :-


Enterprise Structure :-


1) Edit, Copy, Delete, Check Company Code (T001)
Company is created by FI Consultant.
The company code is an organizational unit used in accounting. It is used to structure the business organization from a financial accounting perspective.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Financial Accounting -> Define, copy, delete, check Company Code

2) Define Credit Control Area (T014)
Company is created by FI Consultant.
The credit control area is an organizational unit that specifies and checks a credit limit for customers. A credit control area can include one or more company codes. It is not possible to assign a company code to more than one control area. Within a credit control area, the credit limits must be specified in the same currency.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Financial Accounting-> Define Credit Control Area

3) Maintaining Sales Organization (TVKO)
Sales Organization is an organizational unit responsible for the sale of certain products or services.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check Sales organization

4) Assigning Sales Organization to Company Code (TVKO~BUKRS)
This assignment ensures all the sales made through this Sales Organization are accounted for in the assigned Company Code (Company Code is created by FI Consultant).
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign Sales Organization to Company Code

5) Maintaining Distribution Channel (TVTW)
Distribution Channel is the way, in which Products or Services reach Customers.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check distribution channel

6) Assigning Distribution Channel to Sales Organization (TVKOV)
This assignment ensures, a Sales Organization can supply Materials to Customers through this Distribution Channel.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution > Assign distribution channel to sales organization

7) Maintaining Division (TSPA)
Division is a way of grouping materials, products, or services.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics - General -> Define, copy, delete, check division

8) Assigning Division to Sales Organization (TVKOS)
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign division to sales organization

9) Setting up Sales Area (TVTA)
All the sales are made from a particular sales Area. For creating a Sales Order Sales Area is compulsory.
IMG ->Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Set up sales area

10) Maintain sales office (TVBUR)
you define the sales offices in your company. The definition of sales offices is optional.
For each sales office, you can determine the printer for output based on the sales documents in different ways
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Maintain Sales Office

11) Assign sales office to sales area (TVKBZ)
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign sales Office to Sales Area

12) Assign sales group to sales office (TVBVK)
you can assign as many sales groups as desired to the sales offices. Any one sales group can belong to several sales offices.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign sales group to sales office

13) Define Shipping Points (TVST)
Shipping Point is the Organizational element, which is responsible for shipping the Materials to the Customers.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics Execution -> Define, copy, delete, check shipping point

14) Define, copy, delete, check plant (T001W)
Plant is created by MM Consultant.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics - General -> Define, copy, delete, check plant

15) Assigning Shipping Point to Plant (TVSWZ)
This assignment ensures that goods from different Plant can be dispatched from different Shipping Points.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Logistics Execution -> Assign shipping point to plant

16) Assigning Sales Organization- Distribution Channel- Plant (TVKWZ)
Plant is created by MM Consultant.
IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign sales organization - distribution channel - plant




Will update soon... Check next post...